State monitoring of veterinary medicinal preparations and pollutants in honey

K.S. Myagka, S.A. Tkachuk

Abstract


The problem of food safety is one of the components of the national security of the state.To analyze the implementation of the plan of the annual state monitoring of residues of veterinary medicines and honey contaminants for the period from 2012 to 2017 with the submission of proposals to amend existing DSTU 4497: 2005 "Natural Honeyl. Technical specifications" regarding the acceptable levels of antibiotics.Accredited screening methods were used to assess the content of antibiotic residues: ELISA and HPLC and confirmatory LC-MS / MS.Positive (level of detection limits) in 2012 was 1 sample of honey content nitrofuran AOZ, which is 5% of all samples studied.From the group of substances B6, 7 samples of honey were found to be positive for the content of sulfamethasine, which was 4.7%.In 2013, a positive result was found in 2 samples of honey for the chloramphenicol content, which was 5% of all studied samples. Chloramphenicol is one of the most toxic antibiotics for a living organism, causing aplastic anemia and banned in Europe, the USA and Japan.Also, a positive result was 1 sample of honey for the content of nitrofurase-metabolites – SEM, which was 5%.In 2016, a positive result was found in 1 sample of honey for nitrofuran AMOZ.In 2017, a positive result was found in 1 samples of honey for the chloramphenicol content, which was 5% of all studied samples.According to the analysis of the Annual State Monitoring Plan for Veterinary Medicines and Pollutants for the period from 2012 to 2017, honey samples showed a positive result for chloramphenicol, nitrofuran (AOZ, AMOZ, SEM) and sulfametazine.It is necessary to add changes to the order DSTU 4497: 2005 "Honey natural. Technological capacities (SEM, AHD), and such solutions are established for chlorafhenicol and nitrofurans in zero tolerance for minimally invasive diseases (MPRL) using local methods.


Keywords


honey;monitoring;antibiotics;regulations;directives of the European Union

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15421/2018_323

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