Rural entrepreneurship and sustainable development towards environmental sustainability (Central Bardaskan City area)

Mojtaba Hosseinzade, Hamid Jafari, Mohammad Ali Ahmadian


The goal of establishing a sustainable entrepreneurial activity is to improve human well-being, the environment and the income of individuals. These kinds of businesses consider the ecological risks as well as the environmental pressures that can hinder the creation of new employment opportunities. Based on this study, after studying sustainability literature and sustainable entrepreneurship, the evaluation of sustainability indicators in entrepreneurial activity in the villages of Bardaskan city has been addressed. The method of research in this study in terms of purpose is applied and descriptive-analytic in terms of method. The data gathering method was a questionnaire and field visit. The statistical population of the study consisted of 22 villages with more than 100 inhabitants from the central part of Bardaskan city. Due to the limited statistical population, sampling was not performed and all villages in this section were selected as the sample population. The population of these villages in 2017 totaled 10,331 people in 3,636 households. 3745 households were selected by means of the modified Kochran formula. The data were collected through a questionnaire. The results of the Friedman test show that the components of effective factors in rural entrepreneurship development can be ranked on the rural environment indicators from the villagers' point of view because the assumption of the equality of these components with the smaller p-value is rejected from the test level of 0.05. According to the results, it can be concluded that from the viewpoint of villagers, the most effective factor affecting sustainable development was the fact that there were facilities and services for entrepreneurs, and the factor in providing needed capital and marketing was in the second place.


entrepreneurship;rural entrepreneurship;rural development;sustainable development;Bardaskan

Full Text:



Akbari, Keramatollah (2006), Entrepreneurship Development (Teaching Approach) of Tehran, Academic Jihad.

Arabian, Abolqasem and Abdollah Zadeh, Gholam Hossein (2012). Introduction to Sustainable Development of Agriculture. Qasar Publishing.

Badri, Ali, Mahdi, Taherkhani (2008), Introduction to Sustainable Rural Development, Tehran: Publications of the Organization of Daisies and Municipalities of Iran.

Brijesh Patel, Kirit Chavda (2013). Rural Entrepreneurship in India: Challenge and Problems. International Journal of Advance Research in Computer Science and Management Studies, 1(2).

Cyndaee, Alexander, Sadeghi, Hojjat Allah (2015). Rural Planning and Productivity, Isfahan: Darkhuin

Dean, T.J., McMullen, J.S. (2007). Toward a theory of sustainable entrepreneurship: Reducing environmental degradation through entrepreneurial action. Journal of Business Venturing, 22.

Farahani, Hossein, Mina Alvandi (2018). The role of entrepreneurship and micro-businesses in sustainable rural development: Conceptualization of the central element in the dual environment and economy. Proceed. the first conference of new ideas and technologies in geographic sciences. Zanjan, Department of Geography, University of Zanjan.

Faraji Sabokbar, Hasanali, Badri, Ali, Sajasi Chidari, Hamdollah, Sadeghloo, Tahereh, Shahdadi Javadheh Asgar, Ali (2009). Prioritization of Entrepreneurship Development in Rural Areas Using Prometheism Method Case Study: Suburb Rural District, Khodabandeh, Zanjan Province. Quarterly Journal of Human Geography Research, Shemahir 75,

Hesam, Mehdi, Mohammadi Yeganeh, Behroz, Cheraghi, Mehdi (2017). Religious Tourism Analysis in Sustainable Development of Rural Areas from the Point of View of the Host Country in the Nemarstagh Area of Amol City. The Journal of Tourism, 6(21).

Hezar Jaribi, Jafar (2004). Entrepreneurship. Publications of the Institute of Economic Affairs. Tehran.

Irwin, E.G., Isserman, A.M., Kilkenny, M., Partridge, M.D. (2010). A century of Research on Rural Development and Regional Issues. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 92(2), 522–553,

Khatun Abadi, Ahmad, Andadeh, Gholamreza (2008). The survey of the success of rural entrepreneurs in Isfahan province using multi-tier decision making and factor analysis methods, Journal of Agricultural Economics and Development, 23(2).

Kiakejori, Karim, Rudgarnejad, Forough, Pourisa, Majid (2012). Presentation of Conceptual Model of Barriers Effective on Rural Entrepreneurship Development. Proceed. National Conference on Rural Development, Rasht, Gilan University

Kurd, Bagher, Abdolaziz Abtin (2012). Investigating the Factors Affecting the Development of Rural Entrepreneurship in Sistan and Balochistan, Focusing on the Development of Rural Centers, Development of Information and Communication Technologies and Rural Women's Empowerment. Geography Magazine and Development, 32.

Masoumeh Taghibeygi, Leyla Sharafi, Bahman Khosravipour (2015). Identifying factors influencing the development of rural entrepreneurship from the perspective of farmers of West Islamabad country. Research Journal of Fisheries and Hydrobiology, 10(10), 161-168.

Miguel, F., Altieri, A. (1992). Sustainable agricultural development in Latin America: exploring the possibilities. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 39, 1-21.

Mohammad, Sadegh, Khatoon, Abadi, Seyyed, Ahmad,

Baniasadi, Neda (2013). Components of Entrepreneurship Development Case Study of Kerman Province, Journal of Entrepreneurship and Agriculture, 1(1), 83-92

Morid, Ismail, Baradaran, Masoud (2011). New Strategic Entrepreneurship in Rural Development. Proceed. First National Conference on Strategies for Achieving Sustainable Agriculture. Payame Noor University of Khuzestan.

Motiee Langroudi, Seyyed Hassan, Ebrahim Shamsaei (2009). Sustainable agriculture development from rural economics, Tehran: Tehran University

Movahedi, Reza, Yaghoobi Farani, Ahmad (2012). A Review of Rural Entrepreneurship, Hamedan: Bu-Ali Sina University Press

Najafi Kani, Ali Akbar, Hesam, Mehdi, Ashoor, Haditheh (2015). Evaluation of the Situation of Entrepreneurship Development in Rural Areas Case Study: Southern Estarabad Village in Gorgan, Quarterly Journal of Rural Space and Rural Development Economics, 4(1), 37-56.

Organization of Jihad Agriculture of Khorasan Razavi (2017). Bardskon Township in 2013. Deputy Director of Planning and Economic Affairs

Pasban, Fatemeh (2004). The Role of Entrepreneurial Women in Rural Development in Developing Countries, Proceedings of the Congress on Rural Development, Challenges and Perspectives, Tehran.

Pourtaheri, Mehdi, Sajasy Chidari, Hamdoleh, Sadeghloo, Tahereh (2009). Measuring and Prioritizing Social Sustainability in Rural Areas Using Ranking Techniques Based on Similarity to Solve Ideal Fuzzy Case Study Case Study of Rural District of Central District of Khodabandeh, Rural Plots, 1(1).

Rahmani, Hamid Reza (2010). Sustainable agriculture and healthy production challenges. Publisher Nasooh.

Rezvani, Mohammad Reza (2011). Introduction to the Planning of Rural Development in Iran. Gomes Publishing.

Rezvani, Mohammad Reza, Najarzadeh, Mohammad (2008). Investigation and Analysis of Entrepreneurship Areas in the Development of Rural Areas of South Boraan District (Isfahan City), Quarterly of Entrepreneurship Development, 1(2).

Roknoddin Eftekhari, Abdolreza, Sajasi-Qidari, Hamdoleh (2010). Quarterly Journal of Village and Development, 13(3), 1-29.

Roknoddin Eftekhari, Abdolreza, Sajasy-Qidari, Hamdoleh (2010). Rural Development with Emphasis on Entrepreneurship, Tehran, Samt Publication.

Sa'idi, Abbas (1999). The Basics of Rural Geography. Tehran: Samt Publication.

Shah Hoseini, Ali, Kavousi, Ismail (2009). Innovation and Entrepreneurship. AYJ Publishing, First Edition, Tehran.

Statistics Center of Iran (2018). Population and Household Report of the country by province and Bardaskan city in 2017.

Taherkhani, M. et al (2008). Strategic Report of Villages in the Border Regions. Tehran, Ministry of Agriculture. Rural Development Planning Office.

Vale'i, Mohammad Abdollahi, Abdollah, Manafi Azar, Reza Safar, Navid (2016). Analysis of Factors Affecting Rural Sustainable Development with Emphasis on Establishment of Rahmat Abad Shanali Village in Miandoab. Regional Planning Quarterly, 5(19).

Vosoughi, Mansour, Imani, Ali (2010). Future of Rural Development and Sustainability Challenges. Rural Development Magazine, 1(2).

Yeter Demir Uslu (2015). Applicability to Green Entrepreneurship in Turkey: A Situation Analysis. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences,195.


Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Since April 2018 Journal changed the editorial policy and starts to be published exclusively in English, and changed its main site into


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

© 2017 Ukrainian Journal of Ecology. ISSN 2520-2138